Macedonia is a multiethnic developing country with a new democratic political system in transition from a former communist country. The country gained independence as former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in 1991. Recent health reforms have privatized pediatric primary care and introduced family doctors alongside primary care pediatricians. Increasing privatization of hospitals have left the state-run hospitals short of pediatric specialists and subspecialists as doctors moved to private hospitals for better salaries and working conditions. There is little coordinated action between the Ministry of Health, health insurance fund, and Macedonian pediatricians to overcome the problems that now exist within the pediatric/child health system because of these recent reforms, which were politically driven without consultation with the Macedonian Pediatric Association. These recent decisions will have an adverse effect on the quality of care for children and families, which will likely continue for another 5-10 years.