Peanut Allergy: An Epidemiologic Analysis of a Large Database

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To confirm new observations on peanut allergy and answer current concerns that families and healthcare providers have about peanut allergy.

Study design

Children who presented with a story of peanut allergy or peanut sensitization were asked to participate in a registry, which allowed an analysis focused on questions that a food allergy support group had about children with peanut allergy or sensitization.


A total of 1070 children were entered into the registry over 5 years. Two-thirds had a reaction to peanut. Children with peanut allergy were predominantly male (63%), white (78%), and with private health insurance (80%). Most reactions involved the skin (55%) and anaphylaxis occurred in 35%. The median age of a reaction was 1 year old. Atopic dermatitis was noted in 60% and asthma in 41%. Additional food allergy was noted in 58%. When second exposures occurred 28% had a more severe reaction. Skin test size did not differentiate the type of a reaction and children with anaphylaxis had slightly higher specific IgE levels. Severe reactions with inadvertent exposure in children who were peanut sensitized was rare (<1%).


The strategies for peanut allergy prevention and treatment have evolved. The data obtained in this large registry can answer many questions that families and healthcare providers have during this transition.

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