Usefulness of Routine Transtelephonic Monitoring for Supraventricular Tachycardia in Infants

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ObjectiveWe hypothesize that routine daily transtelephonic monitoring (TTM) transmissions can accurately detect supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in asymptomatic infants and/or assuage parental concerns rather than being used solely to diagnose arrhythmias.Study designSingle center, retrospective chart review of 60 patients with fetal or infant SVT prescribed TTM for at least 30 days, January 2010-September 2016. Patients were excluded if initial SVT was not documented, was perioperative, was atrial flutter/fibrillation, or chaotic atrial tachycardia. Categorical variables expressed as mean ± SD. Mann-Whitney, Spearman correlation, and Fisher exact tests were used for continuous and categorical variables respectively.ResultsSixty patients were included. There were 2688 TTM transmissions received from 55 of 60 patients over 61.1 ± 66.7 days (0.73 ± 0.65 TTM/patient/days). Routine asymptomatic TTM transmissions revealed actionable findings in 5 of 2801 TTM transmissions sent by 5 patients (8.3%). No patient presented in shock or died. Forty-five of 2688 TTM transmissions were sent for parental concerns/symptoms in 16 patients (25.8%) with findings of normal sinus rhythm in 37 of 45 TTM transmissions and SVT in 8 of 45 TTM transmissions. Symptomatic actionable findings were more likely sent by patients discharged on class I or III antiarrhythmics (95% CI = 11.5%-68.3%, P = .004) and patients with prolonged initial hospitalizations (95% CI = 6.98%-59.7%, P = .01). Flecainide was discontinued in 1 patient after widened QRS was noted on routine TTM.ConclusionsTTM accurately diagnose asymptomatic recurrent SVT in neonates and infants before they develop signs of congestive heart failure or shock and is helpful for recurrent SVT management.

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