Arabic Medicine in the Middle Ages

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Abstract

Arabic medicine in the Middle Ages can be divided by two geographic regions and two power centers: the Eastern Caliphate, with Baghdad (Iraq) as its center of power, and the Western Caliphate, with Cordoba (Spain) as its power center. The major persons in medicine were Rhazes (850–923), Ali ibn Abbas (died 994), Alhazen (circa 965-circa 1039), and Avicenna (980–1037) in the Eastern Caliphate, and Albucasis (936–1013), Avenzoar (circa 1091–1162), Averroes (1126–1198), and Maimonides (1135–1204) in the Western Caliphate.

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