Cavernous Lymphangioma of the Labia Minora

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Abstract

Background

The authors report a case of cavernous lymphangioma of the vulva occurring in the labia minora for the first time of which the authors are aware.

Case

A 35-year-old woman underwent simple excision of a recurrent, painless mass of the labia minora. Histologically, this lesion proved to be a cavernous lymphangioma. There has been no evidence of recurrence after 6 months of follow-up.

Discussion

Cavernous lymphangioma rarely is reported to occur in the female genitalia. It is a type of cutaneous lymphangioma that is benign and generally is cured by simple excision. The cause of this lesion is obscure. Cavernous lymphangioma should be differentiated from other types of cutaneous lymphangioma and should be included in the differential diagnosis of vulvar masses.

Conclusion

Cavernous lymphangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of discrete cystic masses of the vulva, both in the labia minora and the labia majora. They are benign lesions that usually are cured by simple excision. Although recurrence is possible, patients should be reassured of the benign nature.

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