Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an emerging experimental therapy for treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. In the future, FMT has the potential to be a treatment modality in other diseases that involve gut dysbiosis. As use of FMT is likely to expand, pediatric nurses need a clear understanding of FMT to provide appropriate education, assessment, and care for these patients. Pediatric research and clinical nurses are a resource to help children and parents understand the procedure. Important topics include donor screening, patient assessment before, during, and after treatment; routes of administration and positioning; preparation for discharge and followup evaluation.