The design, synthesis and activity of pentapeptide pp60c-src inhibitors containing L-phosphotyrosine mimics

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Efficient syntheses of 4-(R,S-hydroxyphosphonomethyl)-L-phenylalanine and 4-carboxy-L-phenylalanine within the context of the pentapeptide Ac-Ile-X-Gly-Glu-Phe-NH2 (wherein X = the unnatural amino acid) illustrate the use of a divergent synthetic strategy from an advanced common peptide intermediate to more readily access peptide-based tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The key intermediate, Ac-Ile-Phe(4-formyl)-Gly-Glu(O-tBu)-Phe-NH2, was synthesized by a facile palladium-catalyzed carbonylation of Ac-Ile-Phe(4-iodo)-Gly-Glu(O-tBu)-Phe-NH2. Oxidation of Ac-Ile-Phe(4-formyl)-Gly-Glu(O-tBu)-Phe-NH2 with tetrabutylammonium permanganate or addition of di-t-butylphosphite, both followed by trifluoroacetic acid deprotection, gave the target pentapeptide inhibitors wherein X = 4-carboxy-L-phenylalanine or 4-(R,S-hydroxyphosphonomethyl)-L-phenylalanine, respectively. These two peptides gave somewhat more potent inhibition of the tyrosine kinase pp60c-src than the corresponding pentapeptide whereinX = L-phenylalanine, demonstrating that appended functionalities at the 4-position are accepted and can enhance binding through added interactions within the catalytic region of the active site.

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