Intracerebellar hemorrhage in premature infants: sonographic detection and outcome

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Abstract

Aims

Intracerebellar hemorrhage is a rarely confirmed diagnosis in preterm infants in comparison to peri-/intra-ventricular hemorrhage. This study evaluates the incidence of intracerebellar hemorrhage and neurological outcome in preterm infants.

Methods

260 infants with gestational age of 22–32 weeks were studied prospectively by cranial ultrasound. Neurodevelopmental outcome was examined in the first three years of life.

Results

15 infants had intracranial hemorrhage grade II-IV (10 intraventricular, 6 intracerebellar hemorrhage). Neurodevelopmental follow-up showed that one infant with intracerebellar hemorrhage is severely handicapped, two have moderate and two mild impairments and one has no sequelae.

Conclusion

Cerebellar hemorrhage is not rare if ultrasound examination is specifically focused on cerebellar lesions.

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