Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a neurometabolic disease in which the degradation of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is impaired. The purpose of this study was to report two novel ALDH5A1 mutations responsible for SSADH deficiency in a Chinese family and the prenatal diagnosis of an at-risk fetus with DNA sequencing.Results:
Genetic analysis of ALDH5A1, in a child with SSADH deficiency, parents, and 10 weeks’ gestation at-risk fetus and 100 healthy unrelated volunteers, was performed. The coding sequence and the intron/exon junctions of ALDH5A1 were analyzed by bidirectional DNA sequencing. The proband was identified to have a compound heterozygous mutations with c.496T>C (p.W166R) and c.589G>A (p.V197M). Each of his parents carried a deleterious mutation. DNA sequencing of chorionic villus revealed the fetus was a carrier, but not affected, and this was confirmed after birth by genetic analysis of umbilical cord blood and urine organic acid analysis. A study in 2003 described 35 mutations of ALDH5A1 in 54 unrelated families, and the current study and systematic literature review identified nine additional novel mutations in eight unrelated families bringing the total number of unique mutations of ALDH5A1 resulting in SSADH deficiency to 44, and the 44 mutations occur from exon 1 to exon 10. No mutational hotspots or prevalent mutations were observed, and all mutations appeared vital for the function of SSADH.Conclusions:
Two novel ALDH5A1 mutations likely responsible for SSADH deficiency were identified, and DNA sequencing provided an accurate diagnosis for an at-risk fetus whose sibling had SSADH deficiency.