Perinatal outcomes after previable preterm premature rupture of membranes before 24 weeks of gestation

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective:

A current descriptive assessment of perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by previable preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPPROM) at <24 weeks of gestation, after expectant treatment.

Study design:

Maternal and short-term neonatal data were collected for patients with pPPROM.

Results:

Seventy-three patients with 93 fetuses were hospitalized with pPPROM at 15-24 weeks' gestation. Among these patients, 27.4% (n=20) chose pregnancy termination, 27.4% (n=20) miscarried and 45.2% (n=33) proceeded to live births. After a median latency period of 38 days, ranging from 1 to 126 days, 24 singletons and 20 multiples were live-born, of whom 79.5% (n=35) survived the perinatal period. The main neonatal sequelae were pulmonary hypoplasia (29.5%; n=13), connatal infection (56.8%; n=25), intraventricular hemorrhage (25%; n=11; resulting in five neonatal deaths) and Potter's syndrome (15.9%; n=7). Nine newborns died, within an average of 2.8 days (range, 1-10 days). The overall neonatal survival rate was 51.5% - including miscarriages but not elective terminations. The intact survival rate was 45.5% of all live-born neonates.

Conclusions:

Even with limited treatment options, overall neonatal survival is increasing. However, neonatal mortality and morbidity rates remain high. The gestational age at membrane rupture does not predict neonatal outcome.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles