Prevalence of EGG Derangement in Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes in Childhood

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Abstract

Objective:

To evaluate gastric myoelectrical activity in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes melliltus (T1DM) in relation to blood glucose control and visceral neuropathy.

Methods:

Percutaneous electrogastrograpy (EGG) was performed on 42 children (20 F; mean age 12.9 ± 3.1 years) with T1DM of <1 year's duration and on 35 healthy controls (18 F; mean age 13.4 ± 3.6 years). After overnight fasting, a 30-minute EGG recording was followed by test meal consumption and then a 60-minute postprandial EGG aquisition. Fasting and postprandial periods were analyzed for gastric dysrhythmias, dominant frequency (DF) and additional parameters. In T1DM patients, HbA1c and blood glucose levels were measured and tests for visceral neuropathy were performed.

Results:

In 41 T1DM patients (98%), cardiovascular neuropathy tests were negative. In 12 of those patients (29%) and in 32 healthy controls (91%), electrogastrograms were normal. The percentages of fasting and postprandial gastric dysrhythmias were significantly higher in T1DM patients compared to controls (P < 0,05). In T1DM children after feeding, some normalization of gastric myoelectrical rhythm was observed: normogastria increased nearly 2-fold to 72.6 ± 22.9% and bradygastria decreased to 20.8 ± 20.4% from 52.3 ± 32.4% (P < 0.05). The percentages of fasting bradygastria and normogastria were correlated with glycemia level (r = −0.55 and r = 0.51, respectively; P < 0.05), as was postprandial DF (r = 0.41; P < 0.05). There was no correlation between HbA1c levels and EGG parameters.

Conclusions:

Derangement of the gastric myoelectrical activity is present in 71% of children with early stage T1DM. Glucose levels influence gastric myoelectrical activity, whereas long-term glucose control (HbA1c level) does not correlate with EGG parameters.

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