What Is the Evidence on the Practice of Mucous Fistula Refeeding in Neonates With Short Bowel Syndrome?

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A systematic review of literature was performed on the practice of mucous fistula refeeding in neonates with short bowel syndrome. No randomised controlled studies were identified. Case series reports of 30 infants showed improved weight gain (from −2.36 ± 1.24 to 21.06 ± 3.02 g/d) and reduced need for total parenteral nutrition. Randomised controlled trials are required to establish the benefits of mucous fistula refeeding in this condition.

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