Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma in an Infant and Literature Review

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Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare pediatric neoplasm exceptionally reported in infants and fibrolamellar hepatocarcinoma (FLC) a HCC variant. Controversy exists whether FLC has a better prognosis than classic HCC, although recent studies of children and young adults with FLC did not report a better outcome. We present a 4-month-old male infant without any related metabolic or infectious disease who developed a metastatic and multifocal FLC. Serum α-fetoprotein determinations were always normal. Induction chemotherapy using cisplatin and Adriamycin resulted in a partial response, however, refractory disease developed and regional metastasis precluded surgical resection. The child died from tumoral progression.

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