Transient Remission of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic and Myeloid Leukemia Without Any Cytostatic Treatment: 2 Case Reports and a Review of Literature

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Transient remissions (TRs) of acute leukemia without any antileukemic treatment are extremely rare events. We report 2 TRs of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia in a 2-year-old boy and a 12-year-old girl, respectively, both associated with red blood cells and platelets transfusions and infection. These 2 factors are frequently present in previously reported cases and could induce a stimulation of the immune system although the underlying mechanisms of TRs are still unknown.

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