Ceftriaxone-induced Hemolytic Anemia: Case Report and Review of Literature

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Ceftriaxone is a frequently used empiric antibiotic in children. Acute hemolysis is a rare side effect of ceftriaxone therapy associated with a high mortality rate. A 14-year-old boy suffering from Crohn disease developed bacterial pneumonia that was treated with ceftriaxone. We report successful management of ceftriaxone-induced hemolytic anemia (CIHA) in this patient and review the CIHA literature in pediatric patients. Early recognition of CIHA with prompt discontinuation of ceftriaxone therapy may have a beneficial role in reduction of high mortality seen in these patients.

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