Heparin-resistant Thrombosis Due to Homozygous Antithrombin Deficiency Treated With Rivaroxaban: A Case Report

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Abstract

Background:

Heparin fulfills its anticoagulant action through activation of antithrombin (AT), and thus thrombosis secondary to AT deficiency can be associated with heparin resistance.

Observation:

A 12-year-old girl with severe venous thrombosis was referred to us because of undetectable anti-Xa levels despite low-molecular-weight heparin therapy. Laboratory investigations revealed a homozygous AT mutation in the heparin binding site (AT Budapest III). She was subsequently treated with rivaroxaban successfully.

Conclusions:

Heparin resistance warrants evaluation for AT deficiency. Rivaroxaban may be considered a valid anticoagulant alternative to low-molecular-weight heparin in these patients.

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