A Rare Case of Spontaneous Remission of Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase Negative B-acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

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Spontaneous remission of untreated pediatric leukemia is an extremely rare occurrence. The underlying mechanism may be because of an immune-mediated process or increased cortisol production during stress or infection. We describe a rare case of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase negative B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia with concurrent infection that went into remission without treatment with chemotherapy or corticosteroids. Though B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia can rarely go into spontaneous remission, these patients require close follow-up as most patients will eventually develop recurrence.

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