Myeloproliferative Neoplasms in Children and Adolescents and Thrombosis at Unusual Sites: The Role of Driver Mutations

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Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in childhood and adolescence are rare and seldom complicated by thrombosis. We describe 3 cases of thrombosis at unusual sites in young patients with MPNs. In the pediatric MPN population, unlike in adult MPNs, a clonal mutation is identifiable in only a minority of cases (22% to 26%). All 3 of these individuals had JAK2 mutations driving the disease process. A literature search identified 19 cases of MPN-associated thrombosis in children. Seventeen of the 19 children (89.5%) had a driver mutation. These cases suggest that identifiable driver mutations may confer an increased thrombotic risk in children with MPNs.

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