Management of Chronic Nonmalignant Pain

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Abstract

Although advances in knowledge about the pathophysiology of pain have been impressive in recent years, high-quality clinical research in patients with chronic pain has not been abundant. Because chronic pain often leads to profound changes in psychologic state, level of functioning, and interpersonal relationships, treatment requires attention not only to the pathophysiologic cause of the pain (if one can be found) but also to the psychologic and social consequences (and antecedents).

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