Assessment of Postgraduate Year 2 Pharmacy Residency Programs Within the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System

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Despite the increasing importance placed on advanced training for clinical pharmacists, literature describing postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) residency opportunities is limited. The objective of this study was to describe characteristics of PGY2 programs within the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system.


An online survey addressing attributes of PGY2 residency programs was electronically distributed to VA residency program directors (RPDs).


Responses from 27 (32.9%) VA PGY2 residency programs were included, representing 11 distinct PGY2 specialties. Growth and recruitment trends were similar across programs, with most programs projecting additional expansion. Staffing requirements were uncommon, but opportunities to precept and earn teaching certificates were prevalent. RPDs had been licensed pharmacists an average of 16.9 years, and most had at least 1 advanced certification. The majority of programs had a formal residency advisory committee and required preceptors to attend regular development meetings.


Although multiple postgraduate specialties were represented, the requirements and opportunities available for PGY2 pharmacy residents were similar across VA facilities. By comparing residency programs in a nationally integrated health-care system, this study may promote growth of existing PGY2 programs, facilitate the establishment of new programs, and provide a framework for prospective residents to evaluate programs of interest.

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