The Use of Kcentra® in the Reversal of Coagulopathy of Chronic Liver Disease

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Abstract

We aim to describe our experience with the four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates (4F-PCC) Kcentra® at differing doses in patients with liver cirrhosis requiring emergent hemostasis in the setting of major or life-threatening bleeding. An automated query of patients who received Kcentra between January 2014 and March 2016 was performed. Patients who had clinically significant bleeding and received Kcentra for treatment of coagulopathy of chronic liver disease (CCLD) were included in the study. Baseline patient demographics, administration indication, pertinent laboratory values, and other reversal therapies were collected. Four patients met inclusion for analysis. One patient presented with hemopericardium, cardiac tamponade, and shock, and 3 patients presented with intracranial hemorrhage. Each patient experienced an improvement in international normalized ratio (INR) and at least a period of clinical hemostasis after Kcentra administration without complications referable to Kcentra. Kcentra may be a safe, rapid, and effective treatment option for hemorrhagic emergencies associated with CCLD. Further research is needed to determine the ideal monitoring and dosing regimen for use in CCLD.

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