To Assess the Success of Computerized Order Sets and Pharmacy Education Modules in Improving Antiretroviral Prescribing

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Purpose:To assess the success of order set and pharmacist training improvement (OSPTI) in improving prescription of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a tertiary care, public, teaching hospital.Methods:In this pre-OSPTI (January 2012 through June 2013) and post-OSPTI study (July 2013 through September 2014), an infectious disease pharmacist reviewed all patients on ART. A review of intervention data in July 2013 led to order-set changes in the hospital’s computerized order entry system for frequently intervened on antiretrovirals: ritonavir, tenofovir, emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF), and lamivudine. Concurrently, case-based education modules were conducted to help pharmacists identify ART errors. The number of patients on ART, number of interventions, and types of ritonavir interventions were compared between pre- and post-OSPTI periods.Results:In the pre-OSPTI period, an average of 239 patients were reviewed per quarter compared to an average of 216 per quarter in the post-OSPTI period. After implementing enhanced order sets, the number of interventions decreased by approximately 34% (P < .0001). The number of ritonavir interventions decreased on average by 45% (P < .0001), although the types of ritonavir interventions were similar.Conclusion:Enhanced antiretroviral order sets and pharmacy education modules improved ART prescription by reducing the overall number of antiretroviral interventions required per quarter. This modality was effective in improving prescribing of ART and reducing the need for pharmacist interventions.

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