Pharmacy Student Monitoring of Direct Oral Anticoagulants

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Abstract

Background:

Best practice recommendations are lacking. Thus far, literature has described pharmacist-led DOAC monitoring.

Objective:

The purpose of this study is to describe a DOAC monitoring program involving pharmacy students.

Methods:

This was an observational analysis of a quality improvement initiative. A clinical pharmacist preceptor identified clinic patients taking DOACs by running a report using the electronic medical record. Pharmacy students conducted chart reviews, called pharmacies for 6-month refill histories, and interviewed and educated patients. Findings were communicated to the care team and interventions were performed as applicable with the preceptor.

Results:

Of 90 patients included, the mean age was 63 years, 54% were female, and 65.6% were black or African American. Rivaroxaban and apixaban were used most commonly. Sixty-two percent of DOACs were prescribed for atrial fibrillation/flutter, while 32.2% for venous thromboembolism. The mean MPR was 77.1%, with 27.7% of patients having an MPR ≤60%. Of the 136 student-led interventions, 25.2% involved medication access, 24.4% adherence education, 20.7% processing refills, 14.8% laboratory monitoring recommendations, 8.9% switching or recommending switching to another anticoagulant, and 4.4% stopping a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug or aspirin.

Conclusion:

Pharmacy students can help to ensure medication safety and effective use of DOACs.

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