Epidemiology and Disease Burden of Pediatric Dengue in Venezuela

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Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has evolved from a sporadic infection to a major public health problem in the Americas, Southeast Asia and the western Pacific, and Africa [ 1– 4]. Its incidence has increased 30-fold over the past 50 years, and although the true disease burden is not well known, the annual incidence in some areas of the Americas may reach 5%–10% of all children when underreporting is considered [ 1]. We recently analyzed the disease burden of dengue in Venezuela, and we found an overall decline in case numbers and mortality over the period of 1950–2011 [ 5]. However, there were increases in case number and mortality during epidemic years, especially among children [ 5]. In this report, we focus on the most recent period of data, from 2000 to 2011, comparing pediatric and adult case numbers and mortality.

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