Healthcare-Associated Clostridium difficile Infections and Strain Diversity in Pediatric Hospitals in the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program, 2007–2011

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Children with healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection were identified. The incidence increased from 3.2/10,000 patient days in 2007 to 5.2/10,000 patient days in 2011 (p < 0.001). Of 169 isolates, the most common North American Pulsed-Field (NAP) types were NAP4 (n = 43; (25.4%), and NAP1 (n = 25;14.8%) while 55 (32.6%) were non-assigned NAP types.

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