Preliminary analysis of the concurrent validity of the Spanish translation of the BEARS sleep screening tool for children

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Abstract

Accessible summary

What is known on the subject?

What this paper adds to existing knowledge?

What are the implications for practice?

Objective:

Research studies describe a high prevalence of sleep problems in children with mental health problems, up to 50%, and its role as a risk factor in the development of psychopathology. These often go unnoticed and are not evaluated in the clinical field. Our objective was to assess the concurrent validity of the BEARS, a brief paediatric sleep screening instrument, using the Children Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) as the comparison instrument.

Methods:

In this cross-sectional descriptive study, the BEARS was applied by a registered nurse to a sample of parents of children aged 2–16 years (n = 60, 71.7% male) who attended a mental healthcare facility (located in Murcia, Spain) for the first time to receive a group psychoeducational intervention. The association between the information collected with the BEARS and scores on the related subscales of the CSHQ was assessed by Mann–Whitney U tests.

Results:

Children who, according to the BEARS, had a sleep problem obtained scores on the CSHQ-related subscales significantly higher than children who did not have a sleep problem (all Ps < 0.05).

Conclusion:

Our results support the concurrent validity of the Spanish translation of the BEARS to detect sleep problems in paediatric nursing assessments. Further studies, with bigger and more heterogeneous samples, are warranted.

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