Surgery versus surgery plus pamidronate in the management of osteogenesis imperfecta patients: a comparative study

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pamidronate in the management of osteogenesis imperfecta patients. This study was carried out in two groups. The first was treated only surgically whereas the second was treated by a combined approach, medical and surgical. Forty patients, divided into two groups, were surgically treated in order to correct bony deformities secondary to osteogenesis imperfecta. Group 1: twenty patients were operated at an average age of 6.5 years. Nine were type I, five type III and six type IV. Group 2: this group consisted of 20 patients to whom intermittent intravenous pamidronate were given at regular intervals for an average of 2 years postoperatively. The average age at surgery was 8.5 years. Four patients were type I, six type III, eight type IV, one type V and the remaining one type VII. The results were assessed according to a scoring system suggested and used by the authors since 1999. Group 1: we had three good, nine fair and eight poor results. Group 2: we had 11 excellent, four good and five fair results. The Bone mineral dens (BMD) increased by an average of 35.2% (22.7–112%), and the rate of refracture decreased. Best results in the management of patients can be obtained through the combined approach (surgical and medical treatment). We now advise preoperative and postoperative pamidronate for these patients.

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