Monitoring and Alleviation of Symptom Occurrence and Severity Among Thai Children and Adolescents During Cancer Treatments

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Abstract

Background:

Symptom monitoring and alleviation are important during pediatric cancer treatments.

Aims:

To examine the use of the Therapy-Related Symptom Checklist for Children (TRSC-C; Thai version) for reported occurrence, severity, and management of treatment-related symptoms within a cohort of Thai pediatric oncology patients/parents

Method:

Cross-sectional study; convenience sample: 100 parents of 71 male children/29 females, 63% with leukemia, 37%, other diagnoses; age-groups: <5 years, n = 33; 5 to 11 years, n = 44; 12 to 17 years, n = 25. Parents reported children's symptom occurrence/severity on the TRSC-C; and complementary care methods on the Symptom Alleviation: Self-Care Methods and their symptom alleviation methods. All tools had good psychometric properties.

Results:

18 symptoms on the 30-item TRSC-C occurred in 42% to 95% of children. Mean severity of symptoms was between 1.0 (“a bit”) and 2.0 (“quite a bit”); 5-month to 11-year-old children had higher (worse) TRSC-C total scores. Complementary care was used and reported.

Conclusions:

Monitoring of multiple symptoms with the TRSC-C and parental symptom alleviation helped children.

Clinical Implications:

Thai parents/patients need and accept assistance in monitoring/managing side effects of pediatric cancer therapy.

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