Evaluation of CT Scans and 3-D Reformatted Images for Quantitative Assessment of the Hip

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Hip measurements using three-dimensional (3-D) images and computed tomography (CT) scans were evaluated. The 3-D measurements proved more accurate than CT measurements of femoral and acetabular anteversion. Additionally, accurate 3-D measurements (>99%) of the femoral neck—shaft angle were provided. Acetabular anteversion determinations by CT scans were systematically decreased as pelvic flexion increased, whereas accuracy was >96% with 3-D images. The 3-D software allows image rotation in all three reference planes, which minimizes positional errors. A case study is provided to exemplify the shortcomings of conventional imaging techniques and the utility of the quantitative 3-D protocol.

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