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To examine the current trends in trauma call coverage of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons in North America and to identify predictors of surgeon on-call satisfaction.In 2015, ∼1200 active members of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) were surveyed regarding emergency room on-call practices. In total, 410 members completed the survey with a response rate of 35%. Information collected included call frequency, practice setting and satisfaction with call. This information was analyzed and compared with the 2006 and 2010 trauma call surveys of Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America membership using 2 sample difference in proportion, χ2 tests for trend and the Fisher exact tests. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify predictors of call satisfaction among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons.In total, 47% of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons had access to a designated trauma operating room in 2015, up from 39% in 2010 and 24% in 2006. In total, 43% of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons currently receive a stipend for taking call, up from 35% in 2010 and 28% in 2006. Although 83% of pediatric orthopaedic surgeons believe that trauma call is an integral part of their practice, only 53% are satisfied with their call experience. Controlling for covariates, believing that call is integral to one’s practice doubles odds of call satisfaction. Having resident or fellow support and being financially compensated for orthopaedic trauma call also increases one’s odds of satisfaction. The odds of being satisfied with call decrease by 7% for each year of increase in age of the surgeon.Access to a designated trauma operating room and financial compensation for call coverage have steadily increased over the past decade. A sizable majority of respondents continue to believe that trauma care is an integral part of being a pediatric orthopedist. Despite this, 47% of respondents remain dissatisfied with their trauma call arrangements. The age and attitude of the individual surgeon and extent of hospital support predict satisfaction of surgeons providing trauma coverage.Level V—economic and decision analysis.