Participation of the secreted dipeptidyl and tripeptidyl aminopeptidases in asaccharolytic growth ofPorphyromonas gingivalis

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Abstract

Background and Objective:

Porphyromonas gingivalis secretes gingipains, endopeptidases essential for the asaccharolytic growth of this bacterium. P. gingivalis also secretes dipeptidyl aminopeptidases (DPPIV and DPP-7) and a tripeptidyl aminopeptidase (PTP-A), although their role in asaccharolytic growth is unclear. The present study was carried out to elucidate the role of these dipeptidyl/tripeptidyl aminopeptidases on the asaccharolytic growth of P. gingivalis.

Material and Methods:

Knockout mutants for the DPPIV (dpp), dpp7 and/or PTP-A genes were constructed. Brain–heart infusion medium supplemented with sterile hemin and menadione (BHIHM) was used as a complex medium, and the minimal medium used was GA, in which the sole energy source was a mixture of immunoglobulin G and bovine serum albumin. Growth of P. gingivalis was monitored by measuring the optical density of the culture.

Results:

All knockout mutants for DPPIV, dpp7 and PTP-A grew as well as strain W83 in BHIHM. In GA, growth of single-knockout and double-knockout mutants was similar to that of W83, whereas growth of a triple-knockout mutant (83-47A) was reduced. We purified recombinant DPPIV and recombinant PTP-A from recombinant Escherichia coli overproducers, and purified DPP-7 from the triple-knockout mutant 83-4A. GA supplemented with the three purified dipeptidyl/tripeptidyl aminopeptidases supported the growth of 83-47A.

Conclusion:

DPPIV, DPP-7 and PTP-A contribute to the normal growth of P. gingivalis by cleaving substrate peptides into short-chain polypeptides that are efficient energy sources for P. gingivalis.

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