We report the results of mutational analysis in the following genes: GJB1, MPZ, PMP22, EGR2, and LITAF/SIMPLE in 57 Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) patients of Serbian origin without the PMP22 duplication. We found 10 different mutations in 14 CMT patients: 6 mutations in GJB1, 3 in MPZ, and 1 in PMP22. Five of six GJB1 mutations are reported for the first time, and the most frequent one appears to be a founder mutation in the Serbian population. No mutations were found in EGR2 or LITAF. Thus, GJB1 mutation analysis should be done in patients without the PMP22 duplication and male-to-male transmission of CMT.