Stereophotogrammetric Evaluation of Tooth-Induced Labial Protrusion

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To better manage dental treatment outcome, a previsualization of desired appearances can be used to understand patients' wishes. A deeper comprehension of labial modifications related to hard-tissue movements is advantageous. The purpose of the study was to evaluate tooth restoration-induced labial displacements in three dimensions.

Materials and Methods:

In a group of 20 healthy Caucasian individuals, simulations of vestibular translations of maxillary anterior crowns were obtained by placing an acrylic resin veneer on the labial surfaces of maxillary incisors and canines. Three-dimensional stereophotogrammetric acquisitions were made to evaluate soft-tissue changes induced by the simulations. Linear dislocation of selected landmarks and labial surfaces were quantified using dedicated software.


All paired and two midline labial landmarks had significant displacements, ranging from 13% (Subnasale landmark) to 103% (left Cheilion landmark) of veneer thickness (2 mm thick). A significant positive correlation was obtained between the lower lip displacement and overjet values.


The vestibular shift of maxillary incisors and canines affect both upper and lower vermilion areas, without involving cutaneous perilabial landmarks.

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