Prevalence and Clinical Effects of Certain Therapy Concepts among Partially Edentulous Serbian Elderly

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Abstract

Purpose:

This study was conducted to identify the prevalence of partially edentulous individuals in Serbia and to identify prosthodontic treatment used for their rehabilitation as well as to compare prosthodontic treatment concepts among Serbian elderly participants who answered closed-format questionnaires.

Materials and Methods:

The study was conducted at the Clinic for Dental Prosthetics, University of Belgrade, Military Medical Academy and the Department of Prosthodontics of Home Centre Belgrade; the study consisted of 120 participants. A questionnaire with closed-format questions regarding the influence of applied therapy concepts for participants with Kennedy Class I partial edentulism was created. Statistical software SPSS 11.5 was used for data analysis. Chi-square tests were performed, and p-values were calculated for each parameter.

Results:

A total of 1081 people were examined; 730 participants were partially edentulous in at least one jaw. Five hundred forty-one participants wore Kennedy Class I maxillary or mandibular removable partial dentures (RPDs). Ninety percent of the patients were restored with RPDs; 60% of participants were unrestored, had shortened dental arches, and requested alternative therapeutic solutions. Significantly lower needs for new treatments were identified in participants with fixed dental prostheses (7.5%).

Conclusions:

Kennedy Class I was the most common type of partial edentulism among Serbian elderly, usually treated with RPDs. Elderly participants with the applied shortened dental arch and RPD therapy concepts requested alternative therapeutic solutions more often than those rehabilitated with fixed partial dentures.

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