Multitheoretical Psychotherapy for Depression: Integrating Strategies From Evidence-Based Practices

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Abstract

Multitheoretical psychotherapy for depression is based on the conclusions that many different treatments are effective and diverse psychotherapeutic approaches are based on different clinical hypotheses. Multitheoretical psychotherapy for depression describes a method for choosing an optimal approach or combining interventions from empirically supported treatments based on client characteristics and preferences. A practical method for treatment planning is described that involves (a) conducting a multidimensional survey, (b) establishing 1 or more focal dimensions, (c) formulating a multitheoretical conceptualization that identifies relevant clinical hypotheses, and (d) choosing interventions from a catalog of key strategies. Multitheoretical psychotherapy for depression describes 12 clinical hypotheses and 45 key strategies to help psychotherapists make treatment decisions based on individual client characteristics in a way that is consistent with recommendations for evidence-based practice in psychology.

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