Multitheoretical Psychotherapy for Depression: Integrating Strategies From Evidence-Based Practices

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Multitheoretical psychotherapy for depression is based on the conclusions that many different treatments are effective and diverse psychotherapeutic approaches are based on different clinical hypotheses. Multitheoretical psychotherapy for depression describes a method for choosing an optimal approach or combining interventions from empirically supported treatments based on client characteristics and preferences. A practical method for treatment planning is described that involves (a) conducting a multidimensional survey, (b) establishing 1 or more focal dimensions, (c) formulating a multitheoretical conceptualization that identifies relevant clinical hypotheses, and (d) choosing interventions from a catalog of key strategies. Multitheoretical psychotherapy for depression describes 12 clinical hypotheses and 45 key strategies to help psychotherapists make treatment decisions based on individual client characteristics in a way that is consistent with recommendations for evidence-based practice in psychology.

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