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The aim of this study was to investigate the utilization of research and perceived barriers to research utilization in nurses employed in pediatric surgery departments.The study population included all nurses employed in pediatric surgery departments in Turkey, whereas the study sample consisted of 102 pediatric surgical nurses selected by stratified random sampling method by region. A questionnaire on demographic features and research activities of the nurses and the Barriers to Research Utilization Scale were used as data collection tools. The data were collected online and analyzed by using the SPSS program.In this study, the “greatest barrier” for the nurses working in pediatric surgery departments was detected as “The nurse feels results are not generalizable to own setting” (37.3%). In the subgroups of Barriers to Research Utilization Scale, the items in the characteristics of workplace subscale were perceived as the greatest barriers.Utilization of research in pediatric surgical nursing practice was found to be mostly affected by the features of workplace (settings). We think that research utilization might be increased by making necessary institutional arrangements, developing strategies for the use of clinical research, and providing nurses with educational and research opportunities.