Treatment of Comorbid Adult Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: 2 Case Reports

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often comorbid with anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, but the best approach to treat this comorbidity in adults has yet to be determined, as current evidence on which disorder should be treated first is poor and conflicting. In this report, we present 1 case in which we treated adult ADHD first and 1 case in which we treated generalized anxiety disorder before prescribing any medication for ADHD. More studies are required on this topic, but our results suggest that treating anxiety disorders until a clear reduction of anxiety symptoms is observed, or at least taking a combined treatment approach, is more appropriate than treating adult ADHD alone and waiting for a reduction in anxiety symptoms as a secondary effect.

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