Reported physical symptoms elicited by unpredictable events and the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern

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Abstract

Hypothesized that unpredictable aversive events are causally linked to physical symptom reporting and that the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern affects symptom reporting, such that Type A individuals fail to report symptoms when they expect to continue working on a task as compared to when they believe they have completed it. In the present study, 120 Type A and Type B female undergraduates (classified by scores on the Jenkins Activity Survey for Health Prediction) reported symptoms either at the end or in the middle of listening to unpredictable, predictable, or ambient noise in the laboratory. Unpredictable noise produced more symptom reporting than predictable noise, which in turn produced more symptom reporting than the ambient noise; Type A Ss reported fewer symptoms in the middle of the task than at the end, whereas Type Bs did not. Thus, both hypotheses were confirmed. (24 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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