Scientific paradigms and social values: Wanted−−a scientific revolution

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The value orientation of the naturalistic conception of science (Paradigm I)–facts and truth appear in abstract, general, and universal forms–is compared with that of the historical conception (Paradigm II)–facts and truth appear in concrete, situated, and particularistic forms. Paradigm I arose in a particular cultural context and value matrix: Puritan Protestantism, individualism, male dominance, selective equality, private property, and capitalism. By embodying and extending these values, Paradigm I science not only found a supportive context for its own growth but helped make the very advances in knowledge that served the emerging society. For social psychology to reflect and actively affirm a wider range of human values and offer a fundamentally more complete perspective on human social behavior, it must undergo a paradigm shift, wherein Paradigm II gains equal-status partnership and legitimacy with Paradigm I science. (43 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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