Determinations of participant and observer satisfaction with adversary and inquisitorial modes of adjudication

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To determine the reasons for previously reported greater satisfaction of defendants and observers with adversary vs single investigator inquisitorial procedures, 93 undergraduate males, who thought they were innocent, were tried under 1 of 4 procedures. 124 additional males and females served as observers. The procedures incorporated the 3 essential differences between the adversary and inquisitorial models: 2 attorneys rather than 1, attorney alignment with the defendant, and choice of attorney. All 3 factors were required to produce a significant increment in defendants' procedural satisfaction compared to the single investigator model. All 3 factors were also necessary to produce a significant increment in satisfaction with guilty verdicts. (Procedure did not affect evaluations of innocent verdicts.) Only number of attorneys produced a significant increase in observers' satisfaction with the procedure. Innocent verdicts produced more favorable procedure and verdict evaluations. Opportunity for evidence presentation is proposed as the mediator of adjudication evaluations. (29 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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