Instrumentality effects in the assessment of racial differences in self-esteem

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Previous studies of racial differences in self-esteem have led to highly disparate and confusing results. 291 Black and 444 White 7th and 10th graders were administered the Self-Esteem Inventory, Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, Otis-Lennon Mental Ability Test, and Iowa Test of Basic Skills. Results show that the effects of the measuring instrument as well as those of preexisting individual differences in academic and demographic characteristics are very great. It is suggested that these effects may be sufficient, in many cases, to explain the disparate results of earlier studies. (29 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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