The objective of this study was to examine predictors of prenatal smoking, and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy among Romani women.Methods
A community-based, cross-sectional study (November 2012 to February 2013) of 410 Romani women in Roma settlements in Serbia and Macedonia was conducted. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy.Results
Romani women older than 30 years and those who were living with a man were over twice as likely (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-5.46; aOR 2.09, 95% CI 1.27-3.43) to smoke during pregnancy, compared to women <20 and married women, respectively. An inverse relationship between education and prenatal smoking was observed (for primary education versus no education, aOR 0.56, 95% CI 0.32-0.98; for secondary or higher education versus no education, aOR 0.38, 95% CI 0.16-0.90). Having a husband/partner who smokes was associated with significantly increased likelihood of prenatal smoking (aOR 3.71, 95% CI 2.20-6.25) and decreased likelihood of attempting to quit (aOR 0.51, 95% CI 0.24-1.06).Conclusions
Culturally sensitive and comprehensive prevention strategies and intervention programs are needed to reduce smoking during pregnancy among Romani women, including interventions targeting male partners.