Coalition development is a major strategy to increase immunization rates. However, if local and state coalitions are to succeed, their staffs need training and technical assistance in coalition development, community planning, and program implementation. The National Coalition Training Institute trains key health agency staff in 87 state, territorial, and urban sites to perform needs assessments, use data to guide planning, plan comprehensive strategies, and evaluate their coalitions. The curriculum is based on training needs that are identified by a national survey of immunization coalitions, effective approaches, and participant evaluation. According to evaluations conducted during its first year, the National Coalition Training Institute is meeting the needs of participants.