Implementation of alpha-spectrometry for uranium isotopes in excreta samples

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Abstract

The measurement of radioactivity concentrations in excreta is an important tool for the monitoring of possible radionuclide intakes by occupationally exposed workers. For this purpose, a radiochemical procedure for the determination of alpha-emitting isotopes of uranium in excreta has been optimized. The main steps involved in this procedure are pre-concentration, dissolution of sample, separation by ion-exchange resin, electrodeposition and alpha-spectroscopy. 232U tracer is used to monitor chemical recoveries and correct the results to improve precision and accuracy. The quality control of radiochemical analysis in urine and faecal samples has been performed with participation in intercomparison exercises. The results obtained from these samples, with chemical recoveries (80-95%), are shown to be highly consistent. The method offers good prospects to be applied in routine monitoring programme of workers.

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