Samples of total suspended particles (TSP) and PM10 respirable particles from five monitoring stations from the network system of the Metropolitan Zone of the Valley of Mexico (MZVM) were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). Morphology and chemical composition allowed to identify six groups. The analysis shows that the most abundant groups are Al-Si-O, Fe, and metals, the first one in the TSP fraction. Trace metal, commonly associated to PM10 at a receptor location, will depend on the relative influences of local anthropogenic sources. Metal group was observed in all samples, mainly in Tlalnepantla and CES zones (28–46%).