The physiological responses to training for a creative jazz dance performance were determined in college-age (17–26 yrs) beginning to intermediate female dancers. Eight subjects were tested pre- and posttraining for JOURNAL/jscr/04.02/00124278-199311000-00003/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T235140Z/r/image-pngO2peak during a graded exercise test and body composition. Subjects participated in jazz dance training sessions 4 days week, 60–120 min a day for 10 weeks at heart rate intensities 70–85% HR max (mean = 82% HR max). After 10 weeks, subjects performed in a creative jazz dance concert and heart rates were recorded after each of three dance performance routines. The mean performance concert heart rate was 94.3% of posttest HR max. Posttesting revealed significant (p < .01) increases in relative and absolute JOURNAL/jscr/04.02/00124278-199311000-00003/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T235140Z/r/image-pngO2peak performance and maximal time on the treadmill. No significant differences were noted for body composition. In conclusion, jazz dance, if performed within American College of Sports Medicine (1) exercise training guidelines, will elicit cardiorespiratory improvement in college-age females.