Specific Determination of Maximal Lactate Steady State in Soccer Players

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Loures, JP, Chamari, K, Ferreira, EC, Campos, EZ, Zagatto, AM, Milioni, F, da Silva, ASR, and Papoti, M. Specific determination of maximal lactate steady state in soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 29(1): 101–106, 2015—The aim of this study was to establish the validity of the anaerobic threshold (AT) determined on the soccer-specific Hoff circuit (ATHoff) to predict the maximal lactate steady-state exercise intensity (MLSSHoff) with the ball. Sixteen soccer players (age: 16.0 ± 0.5 years; body mass: 63.7 ± 9.0 kg; and height: 169.4 ± 5.3 cm) were submitted to 5 progressive efforts (7.0–11.0 km·h−1) with ball dribbling. Thereafter, 11 players were submitted to 3 efforts of 30 minutes at 100, 105, and 110% of ATHoff. The ATHoff corresponded to the speed relative to 3.5 mmol·L−1 lactate concentration. The speed relative to 4.0 mmol·L−1 was assumed to be ATHoff4.0, and the ATHoffBI was determined through bisegmented adjustment. For comparisons, Student's t-test, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and Bland and Altman analyses were used. For reproducibility, ICC, typical error, and coefficient of variation were used. No significant difference was found between AT test and retest determined using different methods. A positive correlation was observed between ATHoff and ATHoff4.0. The MLSSHoff (10.6 ± 1.3 km·h−1) was significantly different compared with ATHoff (10.2 ± 1.2 km·h−1) and ATHoffBI (9.5 ± 0.4 km·h−1) but did not show any difference from LAnHoff4.0 (10.7 ± 1.4 km·h−1). The MLSSHoff presented high ICCs with ATHoff and ATHoff4.0 (ICC = 0.94; and ICC = 0.89; p ≤ 0.05, respectively), without significant correlation with ATHoffBI. The results suggest that AT determined on the Hoff circuit is reproducible and capable of predicting MLSS. The ATHoff4.0 was the method that presented a better approximation to MLSS. Therefore, it is possible to assess submaximal physiological variables through a specific circuit performed with the ball in young soccer players.

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