Relationship Between Aerobic and Anaerobic Parameters From 3-Minute All-Out Tethered Swimming and 400-m Maximal Front Crawl Effort

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Abstract

Kalva-Filho, CA, Zagatto, AM, Araújo, MIC, Santiago, PRP, da Silva, ASR, Gobatto, CA, and Papoti, M. Relationship between aerobic and anaerobic parameters from 3-minute all-out tethered swimming and 400-m maximal front crawl effort. J Strength Cond Res 29(1): 238–245, 2015—The main aim of this investigation was to verify the relationship of the variables measured during a 3-minute all-out test with aerobic (i.e., peak oxygen uptake [

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] and intensity corresponding to the lactate minimum [LMI]) and anaerobic parameters (i.e., anaerobic work) measured during a 400-m maximal performance. To measure force continually and to avoid the possible influences caused by turns, the 3-minute all-out effort was performed in tethered swimming. Thirty swimmers performed the following tests: (a) a 3-minute all-out tethered swimming test to determine the final force (equivalent to critical force: CF3-MIN) and the work performed above CF3-MIN (W′3-MIN), (b) a LMI protocol to determine the LMI during front crawl swimming, and (c) a 400-m maximal test to determine the

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and total anaerobic contribution (WANA). Correlations between the variables were tested using the Pearson's correlation test (p ≤ 0.05). CF3-MIN (73.9 ± 13.2 N) presented a high correlation with the LMI (1.33 ± 0.08 m·s−1; p = 0.01) and

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(4.5 ± 1.2 L·min−1; p = 0.01). However, the W′3-MIN (1,943.2 ± 719.2 N·s) was only moderately correlated with LMI (p = 0.02) and

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(p = 0.01). In summary, CF3-MIN determined during the 3-minute all-out effort is associated with oxidative metabolism and can be used to estimate the aerobic capacity of swimmers. In contrast, the anaerobic component of this model (W′3-MIN) is not correlated with WANA.

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