The Effectiveness of 4 Weeks of Fundamental Movement Training on Functional Movement Screen and Physiological Performance in Physically Active Children

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Abstract

Wright, MD, Portas, MD, Evans, VJ, and Weston, M. The effectiveness of 4 weeks of fundamental movement training on Functional Movement Screen and physiological performance in physically active children. J Strength Cond Res 29(1): 254–261, 2015—The effectiveness of fundamental movement training interventions in adolescents is not fully understood. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) may provide means of evaluating the effectiveness of such programs alongside traditional tests of physiological performance. Twenty-two children completed the FMS, plank, side plank, sit and reach, and multistage fitness test. Participants were pair matched by total FMS score and assigned to control or intervention. The intervention group received a weekly 4 × 30-minute training sessions with an emphasis on movement quality, whereas the control group was involved in generic multisport activity. A smallest worthwhile effect of 0.2 between-participant SDs was set a priori for all measures except total FMS score for which a change of 1 unit was chosen. When compared with the control, our intervention had a likely trivial effect for FMS score (0.2 Arbitrary Units [AU], 90% confidence limits ±1.2 AU), a very likely small beneficial effect for plank score (87 ± 55%), but a possibly small harmful effect for side plank score (−22 ± 49%). A likely trivial effect was observed for the sit and reach test (0.3 ± 15%), whereas the effect of the training intervention on predicted

JOURNAL/jscr/04.02/00124278-201501000-00032/math_32MM1/v/2017-07-20T235615Z/r/image-tiff

was unclear (−0.3 ± 11%). Unexpectedly, generic multisport activity enhanced both side plank and sit and reach test performances in the control group. These results demonstrated that short-term interventions might affect specific isolated components of fitness but not FMS performance.

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