Postactivation Potentiation of Horizontal Jump Performance Across Multiple Sets of a Contrast Protocol

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Seitz, LB, Mina, MA, and Haff, GG. Postactivation potentiation of horizontal jump performance across multiple sets of a contrast protocol. J Strength Cond Res 30(10): 2733–2740, 2016—This study determined whether a postactivation potentiation (PAP) effect could be elicited across multiple sets of a contrast PAP protocol. Fourteen rugby league players performed a contrast PAP protocol comprising 4 sets of 2 paused box squats accommodated with bands alternated with 2 standing broad jumps. The rest period between the squats and the jumps and between the sets was 90 seconds. A control protocol with standing broad jumps only was performed on a separate session. A standing broad jump was performed ∼2 minutes before each protocol and served as a baseline measurement. Standing broad jump distance was significantly greater (4.0 ± 3.4% to 5.7 ± 4.7%) than baseline during the 4 sets of the contrast PAP protocol with the changes being medium in the first, second, and fourth sets (effect size [ES]: 0.58, 0.67, and 0.69, respectively) and large for the third set (ES: 0.81). Conversely, no PAP effect was observed in the control protocol. Additionally, the stronger players displayed a larger PAP effect during each of the 4 sets of the contrast PAP protocol (Cohen's d: 0.28–1.68) and a larger mean effect across these 4 sets (Cohen's d: 1.29). Horizontal jump performance is potentiated after only 90 seconds of rest after an accommodating exercise, and this PAP effect can be elicited across 4 sets. Additionally, the PAP response is largely mediated by the individual's strength level. These results are of great importance for coaches seeking to incorporate PAP complexes involving horizontal jumps in their training programs.

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